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Lawngtlai District, Mizoram


Lawngtlai is one of the eight administrative districts of Mizoram with its headquarters at Lawngtlai town. The Districts shares common boundaries with Lunglei and Saiha District in the north and south respectively. It is located in the southern most part of Mizoram having common international borders with Bangladesh in the west and Myanmar in the east.

History


The history of the Lawngtlai District dates back to the days of chieftainship. The chiefs ruled the area generations after generations. This system continued till the British entered the scene. The British entered into this part of India in the 18th century. In 1889 the Lawngtlai District came under the rule of the British. After Indian Independence the Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council was created.

Lawngtlai District was part of the undivided Chhimtuipui district which comprised of Saiha and Lawngtlai. The Lawngtlai District was divided into two rural development blocks- the Lawngtlai Rural Development block and the Chawngte Rural Development block. The Lawngtlai District was then created in 1998.

Facts and Figures


Area 2,557 sq. km
Population (2011) 117, 444
Males 60, 379
Females 57, 065
Population density 46 per sq. km
Sex Ratio 945 females per 1000 males
Literacy Rate 66.41 %
Development Blocks
 4
Postal Code 796891
STD Code 03835


Etymology


The name of the Lawngtlai district comes from two Mizo words – lawng which means a ship and tlai which means late.

Administration


There are two Autonomous District Councils in the district, namely, the Lai Autonomous District Council and the Chakma Autonomous District Council. These two autonomous regions are administered in accordance with the provisions of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India. The district is divided into four rural development blocks. The district has three Legislative Assembly Constituencies.

Lai Autonomous District Council

Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) is one of the three autonomous district councils in Mizoram. The headquarters of the LADC is situated at Lawngtlai town.  The LADC is an autonomous district council for the ethnic Lai people. It was formed in 1972 under the 6th schedule of the Constitution of India. The council exercises power over specifically allocated subjects. It has the power to make laws under the sixth schedule of the Constitution. The people of the Lai Autonomous District Council enjoy special safeguard granted by the constitution of India. The Lai Autonomous District Council covers an area of 1870.75 sq km.

Chakma Autonomous District Council


Chakma Autonomous District Council (CADC) is one of the three autonomous district councils in Mizoram. The headquarters of the CADC is situated at Chawngte. The CADC is an autonomous district council for the ethnic Chakma people. It was formed in 1972 under the 6th schedule of the Constitution of India. The council exercises power over specifically allocated departments. It has the power to make laws under the sixth schedule of the Constitution. The people of the Chakma Autonomous District Council enjoy special safeguard granted by the constitution of India. The Chakma Autonomous District Council covers an area of 1500 sq km.

Geography


Lawngtlai District is located in the southwestern part of Mizoram. The district shares its border with Bangladesh to the west, Myanmar to the south, Lunglei district in the north and Saiha district to the south. The Thega river forms most of the boundary with Bangladesh on the west and the Kaladan river forms the eastern boundary with Saiha district. The district has an area of 2557.10 km per sq kms.

The physical feature of the district comprises of mainly hilly region. There is a long narrow strip of low lying area along the western side of Chamdur valley. The western side of the district is covered with dense forest. Lakadan, Tuichong, Chhimtuipui, Ngengpui, Chawngte and Tuiphal are the main rivers of the Lawngtlai District. The district is situated in the tropical belt. The forest type of the district is tropical wet evergreen, mixed deciduous forest and wild banana forest. Several medicinal plants are found in the district

Climate


Lawngtlai District maintains temperate climatic conditions throughout the year. Summer and winter in the district remains moderate. During summer temperature varies between18-32 degrees. During winter temperature varies from 8-24 degrees. The western part of the district experiences warmer climate compared to the eastern part because it has less elevation. The district is under the influence of southwest monsoon. The district experiences average annual rainfall of 2558 m.  Landslides are very frequent in Monsoon.

Demography


According to 2011 India census, Lawngtlai District had a total population of 117,444. The population density of the district is 46 inhabitants per sq km. For every 945 females there are 1000 males. The literacy rate of the district is 66.41 %. Majority of the population of the Lawngtlai District comprises of the ethnic groups of tribals like Lai Tongchangya bawn, Pang and Chakma.

The population of the ethnic groups of Lai, Tongchangya bawn, Pang and Chakma has their distinct cultural heritage. The Lai community people are mainly Christians. The Chakmas are mainly Buddhists. The main languages spoken in the district are Mizo, English and Hindi.

Education


There are 189 primary schools 85 middle schools, 29 high schools, 3 higher Secondary schools and two colleges in the district.

Economy


Agriculture is the main mode of living of the people. The main methods of cultivation are shifting and jhum cultivation. People are also engaged in government services and business.

Tourism


The district comprises of mainly hilly region characterized by dense forests. The picturesque town has exotic landscape of lush green hills stretching away to the horizon. The important places of interest in the district include Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary, Blue Mountain, Kawmzawl, Picnic Sports, ZobawkPhawngpui National Park, Sinemon Wildlife Sanctuary and Lohawka Wildlife Sanctuary.

How to Reach


  • By Road: Lawngtlai district is situated at a distance of 296 km from Aizawl. National Highway 54 connects Aizawl to Silchar, National Highway 40 connects it with Agartala and National Highway 150 connects to Imphal. One can get buses and private vehicles to Lawngtlai.
  • By Air: The nearest airport to the district is Lengpui airport located near Aizawl. 
  • By Rail: The nearest railhead to Aizawl is Silchar.

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